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The i3 scored weak results in Euro NCAP's test for pedestrian protection (Photo: Euro NCAP)

BMW's i3 received four out of five possible points in the standard European safety test conducted by the testing agency, Euro NCAP.

The new electric city vehicle, which recently went on sale in Europe and has a large backlog of orders, scored high in most areas but missed out on five stars because of insufficient protection of pedestrians in the event of a collision. "The front edge of the bonnet was poor and scored no points," Euro NCAP said in a press release.

In its latest batch of tests, the agency reviewed 11 vehicles across several categories. The Peugeot 308, Mazda 3, Ford Tourneo Connect, Maserati Ghibli, Infiniti Q50 and the hybrid version of the Mitsubishi Outlander SUV all achieved the 5 star overall rating, while the Ford Ecosport joined the i3 with 4 stars. EuroNCAP upgraded the Mercedes CITAN Kombi small MPV from 3 stars to 4, while the Nissan Note and Volkswagen's T5 van also received a 4 star rating.

The European Union started introducing pedestrian safety regulations in 2005. The rules have forced carmakers to redesign the hoods of their cars in such a way that injuries to pedestrians are mitigated in the event of a collision.